Nasal Polyps

Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS,PG Diploma

December 05, 2018

March 06, 2020

Nasal Polyps
Nasal Polyps

What are nasal polyps?

Nasal polyps are the soft, painless, sac-like noncancerous, growths in the lining of your nose or sinuses. They are generally harmless, but if left untreated, they may block your nose and cause difficulty breathing. This condition affects about 4% of the population. The possibility of developing a polyp is between one and 20 out of 1,000 individuals, and it further declines after the age of 60.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The symptoms of nasal polyps are as follows:

What are its main causes?

The exact cause of this condition is unknown, but a person is  at a higher risk of getting nasal polyps if he/she has any of the following conditions:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Diagnosis of nasal polyps involves the following:

  • Physical examination of your nasal passage. Polyps are visible as an outgrowth in the nasal cavity.
  • A CT scan of your sinuses that gives the image of the nasal passage. Polyps are seen as cloudy spots. Older polyps can sometimes lead to breaking of the bones inside the sinuses.

Medicines relieve the symptoms but do not cure the condition. The following medicines are commonly prescribed for the treatment of nasal polyps:

  • Nasal steroids and corticosteroid pills or liquids to shrink the polyps and clear the nose
  • Medicines for allergies
  • Antibiotics for infections

In conditions where medicines are ineffective or when the polyps are large, surgery may be necessary to provide relief from the symptoms. Endoscopic sinus surgery is commonly performed for treatment of nasal polyps.


  1. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Nasal polyps.
  2. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Nasal polyps.
  3. Newton JR, Ah-See KW. A review of nasal polyposis. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2008 Apr;4(2):507-12. PMID: 18728843
  4. Stevens WW,Schleimer RP,Kern RC. Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2016 Jul-Aug;4(4):565-72. PMID: 27393770
  5. National Health Portal [Internet] India; Nasal Polyps.

Medicines for Nasal Polyps

Medicines listed below are available for Nasal Polyps. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.